Touring Downtown Buffalo’s Architectural Marvels

Decades before the city’s resurgence, Buffalo’s status as a center of trade made it one of the largest and richest cities in the country. The influx of wealth brought with it a treasure trove of architectural gems that still stand today. The city is home to the early works of famed architect Frank Lloyd Wright and once held bragging rights to one of the world’s largest office buildings (Ellicott Square Building) and one of the world’s first skyscrapers (Guaranty Building).

These meticulously crafted marvels and more can be discovered through Explore Buffalo, which provides more than 70 tours of Buffalo’s architecture, history, neighborhoods, public art, and even food. The tours are offered year-round by foot, bike, bus or kayak.

Led by a friendly, knowledgeable docent, I recently embarked on a walking tour of the heart of downtown Buffalo to St. Joseph’s Cathedral, St. Paul’s Cathedral, the Ellicott Square Building and the Old Post Office. Each unique and visually stunning, the buildings also provided a fascinating glimpse into the city’s past.

Ellicott Square Building – 295 Main Street, Buffalo

• The building was considered one of the world’s largest office building. The first two floors were lined with shops that ranged from barbers to butchers, while bankers and insurers toiled away in the offices overhead.

• Edisonia Hall, the world’s first movie theatre, was housed here. The 72-seat theatre welcomed 200,000 visitors in its first year.

• The building was constructed of several colorful materials, including steel, brick, iron, granite and terracotta. However, in 1971 it was painted a uniform grey.

• The design features classical elements. Statues of Minerva and Mercury, the Roman gods of wisdom and financial gain, adorn the entrance. Medusa heads along the roof watch from above.

St. Joseph’s Cathedral – 50 Franklin Street, Buffalo

• The cathedral was built debt-free. Buffalo’s first Roman Catholic bishop, John Timon, raised funds from donors in Europe, President Milliard Fillmore and the Pope.

• Completed in 1863, the French Gothic church features a prominent entrance with three front doors known as a triple portal. Buildings in this style are typically symmetrical, but the cathedral lacks a second tower that was allegedly not constructed after running low on funds.

St. Paul’s Cathedral – 139 Pearl Street, Buffalo

• The interior you see today is not the original. A gas explosion in 1888 destroyed most of the inside of the church. Melted brick, damaged in the fire, is still visible from the outside, which remains mostly intact.

• Constructed in 1851 in Gothic Revival, the Episcopal cathedral lacks a grand entrance, instead commanding attention from every angle.

ECC City Campus / Old Post Office – 121 Ellicott Street, Buffalo

• The first letter was mailed on March 20, 1901 to President William McKinley to attend the Pan-American Exposition. Months later, McKinley was assassinated at the Temple of Music in Buffalo.

• The Richardsonian Romanesque construction was completed in 1901 and was illuminated by an abundance of natural light in the atrium and from dozens of seven watt light bulbs.

For more information about Explore Buffalo’s tours, visit